A time witness report written by Mr. Heiner Matthes (Germany)


The author - born in 1939 - was sent to school when the schools in Chemnitz were reopened after the Second World War in autumn 1945. He was 6 years old.

He can perfectly well remember the difficult situation at the end of the Second World War in his hometown, including many obscurities in relation to the reopening of the schools.

He very emotionally describes his „admission celebration to primary school" as well as the obligatory school cone.

The author tells about his young 17 to 18 year- old, often untrained "newbie teachers". They had to learn in special courses in the afternoon for teaching on the next day. Most of them were young women because many men did not return home from the war. Many of them loved their profession and the children and worked hard every day.

The author remembers the simple school books, workbooks and writing instruments that were used in the first school years. So he used a pen and a slate board for writing at first.

A time witness report written by Mr. Harry Weinert (Germany)


The report of my childhood and youth time in the Lugau / Oelsnitzer coalmining area is intended to show how the production started again after the Second World War, which difficulties were to be overcome, how hard the struggle was mainly in the minds of the people, the rethinking. What was the "activist movement" in the GDR, who was Adolf Hennecke. But it should also be shown how certain events influenced my life, my career and the life of my parents' family because my father had worked in coal mining "Karl Liebknecht" in Neuoelsnitz. His experiences and my impressions of 6 weeks of underground work during my studies were determining factors for me. I also know a lot from my grandmother, because a few young miners lived at hers. My uncle and later their sons were also miners.



A time witness report written by Mr. Wolfgang Becker (Germany)


For more than 40 years the author had been working as an employee, company director and CEO in the traditional machine tool factory "UNION" in Chemnitz. This company has existed for more than 160 years.

The author reports on his experiences on saving the company after the privatization in 1990.

The machine tools of the brand "UNION" had established themselves well on the world market until 1989.

In 1990 the company was privatized after the political change.The first owner was the "Treuhananstalt Berlin".

The company was sold in 1991 to the "SCHIESS AG Düsseldorf" and the "KLÖCKNER & Co.AG Duisburg".
The turnover developed negatively. The reason was the collapse of the markets in the former socialist countries and the bankrupt of the GDR foreign trade company "WMW-Export". 700 of the 900 employees were laid off.